Syria’s war since 2011 has involved a host of regional and international players, forced millions of people from their homes and left more than 380,000 people dead.
Here is a summary of the main events in the nine-year conflict:
– Revolt to repression –
In March 2011, protests break out calling for political change after four decades of repressive rule by the Assad dynasty, Bashar having succeeded his father Hafez in 2000.
President Bashar al-Assad’s regime cracks down on demonstrations, but rallies continue.
In July, an army colonel, who has defected from the military, sets up the Turkey-based opposition Free Syrian Army (FSA).
An armed rebellion erupts with support from Western and Arab countries. The rebels seize key territory, including large swathes of third city Homs and a chunk of Aleppo, Syria’s second city.
– Air strikes –
In 2012, the regime carries out bloody operations, notably in the central city of Hama, a bastion of…
Source: Vanguard Newspaper